How Does Zero Gravity React With Diseases?
Zero gravity can be defined as the complete absence of sensation of weight in an environment. It usually happens when there are no contact forces on objects such as a human body.
Zero Gravity and Diseases
Being in a zero-gravity environment for an extended period can have many negative impacts on the human body. This phenomenon cannot be used to treat a specific medical condition, the environment itself can lead to the weakening of skeleton, atrophic muscles, slow cardiovascular functioning, eyesight problems, balance disorders, low production of red blood cells in the body and alteration in the immune system. Several gene expression studies have recognized more genetic factors and fewer pathways which are disturbed through zero gravity. By joining advanced and innovative statistical approaches, instrumentally learned procedures or databases, many researchers have examined gene expression from different human cell trials in zero gravity environments on earth.
This analysis is composed of all the molecular signatures of common diseases among humans for the identification of alteration in the pathways on the molecular level. These pathways have shown that there zero gravity can lead to both increment and reduction of genetic signatures of different diseases which were never reported in previous studies. This study is mostly aimed at the induction of cancer cells such as leukemia or liver cancer. According to different scientists, anticancer drugs can respond better if a zero-gravity condition is provided to the patients. This singularity can also be used to reduce autoimmune disorders, diabetes, asthma, inflammation, and heart-related diseases.
New and unique experiments are being performed throughout the world to help in the formation of medicines that can treat patients with zero gravity. Since the effects of zero gravity on a human body are relatively unpredictable, many projects are working to restore people’s health through probiotics. When there is no gravity, the calcium in our body keeps getting secreted into urine and blood, which may eradicate or reduce the symptoms of kidney or gall bladder stones. However, treating or slowing down the disease in zero gravity is not an easy thing because every human body behaves differently when certain environmental conditions are subjected to them.
Research investigators believe that helping humans to acclimate an aggressive atmosphere and then slowing down the intemperance of their disease is a possible objective, but the only thing to achieve this goal is to learn how the human cells are useful in a hostile situation like zero gravity. Human cells and tissues are the basis of all the critical body systems, including CNS. Therefore many ambitious missions are under training like sending volunteers on mars after a thorough understanding of their genetics to determine the results. These studies are expected to help design innovative zero-gravity experiments to evaluate the outcomes and find desired solutions for long term exposure during space travel.